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Author (up) Maiorano, A.; Martre, P.; Asseng, S.; Ewert, F.; Müller, C.; Rötter, R.P.; Ruane, A.C.; Semenov, M.A.; Wallach, D.; Wang, E.; Alderman, P.D.; Kassie, B.T.; Biernath, C.; Basso, B.; Cammarano, D.; Challinor, A.J.; Doltra, J.; Dumont, B.; Rezaei, E.E.; Gayler, S.; Kersebaum, K.C.; Kimball, B.A.; Koehler, A.-K.; Liu, B.; O’Leary, G.J.; Olesen, J.E.; Ottman, M.J.; Priesack, E.; Reynolds, M.; Stratonovitch, P.; Streck, T.; Thorburn, P.J.; Waha, K.; Wall, G.W.; White, J.W.; Zhao, Z.; Zhu, Y. doi  openurl
  Title Crop model improvement reduces the uncertainty of the response to temperature of multi-model ensembles Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Field Crops Research Abbreviated Journal Field Crops Research  
  Volume 202 Issue Pages 5-20  
  Keywords Impact uncertainty; High temperature; Model improvement; Multi-model ensemble; Wheat crop model  
  Abstract To improve climate change impact estimates and to quantify their uncertainty, multi-model ensembles (MMEs) have been suggested. Model improvements can improve the accuracy of simulations and reduce the uncertainty of climate change impact assessments. Furthermore, they can reduce the number of models needed in a MME. Herein, 15 wheat growth models of a larger MME were improved through re-parameterization and/or incorporating or modifying heat stress effects on phenology, leaf growth and senescence, biomass growth, and grain number and size using detailed field experimental data from the USDA Hot Serial Cereal experiment (calibration data set). Simulation results from before and after model improvement were then evaluated with independent field experiments from a CIMMYT world-wide field trial network (evaluation data set). Model improvements decreased the variation (10th to 90th model ensemble percentile range) of grain yields simulated by the MME on average by 39% in the calibration data set and by 26% in the independent evaluation data set for crops grown in mean seasonal temperatures >24 °C. MME mean squared error in simulating grain yield decreased by 37%. A reduction in MME uncertainty range by 27% increased MME prediction skills by 47%. Results suggest that the mean level of variation observed in field experiments and used as a benchmark can be reached with half the number of models in the MME. Improving crop models is therefore important to increase the certainty of model-based impact assessments and allow more practical, i.e. smaller MMEs to be used effectively.  
  Address 2016-09-13  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Language Summary Language Newsletter July 2016 Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0378-4290 ISBN Medium Article  
  Area CropM Expedition Conference  
  Notes CropMwp;wos; ft=macsur; wsnot_yet; Approved no  
  Call Number MA @ admin @ Serial 4776  
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